steven-gellar-katz-lcsw-rStephen Geller Katz LCSW-R

Misophonia Cognitive Retraining Therapy


Misophonia Cognitive Retraining Therapy, as featured on the MTV True Life episode: “I Have Misophonia” premiering Friday, December 16th, 7:00 PM EST. See Clip >

Are you Suffering from any of these symptoms as a result of Misophonia? Call for a Free 15 Minute Consultation.

  • Mild to severe anxiety
  • Rage or Anger
  • Triggered fight or flight
  • Depression
  • Negative thinking
  • Crying spells
  • Hopelessness
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Avoidance of people or places
Moderate to severe anxiety triggered by chewing sounds, including:
  • Nail clipping 
  • Brushing teeth
  • Eating sounds
  • Lip smacking
  • Breathing
  • Certain voices
  • Sniffing
  • Talking
  • Sneezing
  • Yawning
  • Walking
  • Coughing
  • Chewing gum
  • Laughing
  • Snoring
  • Typing on a keyboard
  • Whistling
  • Certain consonants

You may also be affected by visual stimuli, such as repetitive foot or body movements, fidgeting or movement you observe out of the corners of their eyes. 
Intense anxiety, rage and avoidant behavior may develop as a result of misophonia.

woman-misophonia* Do you feel your family and friends don’t understand how much you suffer?

* Do you often feel you can just suffer through a social event where there is eating present only to find that you must “escape” before you have a panic attack?

* Do you find that some people are at first understanding and make some efforts not to make the triggering sounds in front of you, but soon forget and constantly have to be reminded, causing you to feel angry, anxious and depressed?

* Are you avoiding social activities that you enjoy because of the misophonia?

* Are you fearful of losing your job and/or is the misophonia effecting your job performance?

If you answered yes to 3 or more of these questions or symptoms, then we can help.

You may be a candidate for Misophonia Cognitive Retraining Therapy, or MCRT.

Stephen Geller Katz, LCSW-R, with over 20 years of clinical experience, a New York University graduate, developed Misophonia Cognitive Retraining Therapy and founded Misophonia Cognitive Center in response to the growing number of people with Misophonia coming to his private practice from audiologists and ENTs. He discovered that by helping people to retrain and reinterpret the thoughts around their Misophonia, anxiety and depression symptoms began to improve. But even more important so did the Misophonic trigger response.

Call us at 646-585-2251 for a FREE consultation.

Biggest Online Misophonia Discussion Forums & Resources

What are some of the largest online misophonia discussion forums? Misophonia is a Greek word that means hatred of sounds and it creates great distress for various people. People with misophonia cannot process certain sounds and noises such as pen clicking, foot-tapping, and clock ticking. As a result, they respond to the sound with anger and irritation. People often misunderstand their problems, which creates conflict. That is why people with misophonia often live in total isolation.

Biggest online misophonia discussion forums and resources

Many people suffering from the condition can’t eat a meal with their families because chewing is one of the triggers of the condition. Thus, they eat alone in their room to avoid any problems. People with the condition lose hope for recovery because they think misophonia doesn’t have any reputable treatment. However, you can adopt various therapies to reduce the symptoms.

Firstly, people suffering from this issue should identify the triggers and patterns to understand their tolerance level. Secondly, they should determine whether they are suffering from misophonia for an underlying condition or not. Once they find this information, they can identify a technique to cope with the situation. Certain techniques can help to reduce negative reactions such as agitation and anger to the triggering sounds.

Why People Don’t Understand the Pain of Misophonia Patients?

Many people don’t realize how irritating it can be to hear irritating and repetitive sounds. They think that the person with misophonia is making a fuss about the sound. Thus, they continue making the sound, instead of stopping it. As a result, they create more problems for the person suffering from the condition.

People who don’t understand how misophonia feels should consider the chalk scrapped on the chalkboard. The sound of the chalk screeching on the board can irritate anyone. When people listen to this annoying sound, they leap to stop it immediately. But, their reaction is not as aggressive as a person with misophonia. This is because they are suffering from a syndrome.

Online misophonia discussion forums

What are the Biggest Online Misophonia Discussion Forums?

It is difficult to educate people about a disease that they cannot experience. That is why a lot of people don’t understand how a triggering sound can force a person to fight and flight situations. If you are suffering from the condition and want help to cope with the triggering sounds, you should check these informative forums and resources:


This is a resource site where you can find a plethora of information to deal with the condition. Visit this link, if you want to learn about misophonia triggers and techniques to manage them.


On this resource page, you can learn about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of misophonia.


This is another platform with valuable content for misophonia patients. If you are one of them, you should go through this page.


Want to learn how people suffering from misophonia deal with the condition? If yes, then you should check this forum page. On this page, you can find numerous discussion topics as well as create a new topic according to your problem.


Mental health forum is another site to communicate with people dealing with misophonia. You can read the story of people having the same sound disorder as you are.

Misophonia and another sound disorder, tinnitus, are often linked. This website has a wealth of information on tinnitus, it’s symptoms and treatment options:

Online Misophonia Discussion Forums & Resources: Conclusion

Are you looking for a specialist in NYC who can help you with misophonia? If yes, then you should contact the Misophonia Cognitive Center. At our NYC clinic, you can communicate with Stephen Geller Katz, a professional misophonia specialist with over 20 years of experience.

For appointments and more information, contact us at 646-585-2251.

Misophonia Trigger: Do You Hate the Sound of Chewing?

Do you hate the sound of chewing? The best moments for many people’s life is having dinner with their families. However, for some people, dinner time with family can feel like a burden, not because they are introverted. Instead, they may suffer from a condition called misophonia.

Hate the Sound of Chewing?

In this condition, people cannot tolerate the sound of gulping, chewing, and crunching. These sounds trigger their anxiety and make them angry. If you have a similar reaction when someone chews food nearby, you should visit a doctor for misophonia treatment.

What is Misophonia?

Misophonia is a condition wherein people develop strong and negative feelings when they hear certain noise. These sounds actas triggers for them, causing them to react. A person with misophonia might fight when they hear the noise. Their brain sends signals to the body to immediately stop the sound. That is why they hate the sound of chewing. There are a plethora of sound triggers that can irritate. These sounds can be so annoying to put you in fight or flight condition.

Current Biology published research with 42 participants to understand how their response to certain sounds. Among these participants, there were 20 misophonia patients, while 22 people were normal. Researchers found that misophonia patients found the common sound triggers irritating. Meanwhile, other participants were normal when they hear the same sound.

Hate the Sound of Chewing? How to Cope

Noise sensitivities act similar to depression and anxiety and the patient reacts to stop the source from producing the sound. As a result, they show extreme emotions to people in their surroundings. Fixing this problem is not possible, but you can try various techniques to deal with the triggering sounds. Here are some ways to reduce the effects of misophonia:

1.     Don’t Feel Overprotective

When you try hard to avoid the triggering sound, it will grab your attention. Therefore, avoidance is not a solution; in fact,it will increase your concentration to notice the sound. The best solution is to divert your mind towards other tasks and act normal.

2.     Strategically Listen to the Triggers

You can reduce the effect of triggers by systematically exposing yourself to the sound. You will find this strategy relaxing and helpful to develop mindfulness skills. When your brain and ear develop a habit to ignore the sound, you won’t even remember you have misophonia.

Hate the Sound of Chewing? | Best Misophonia Treatment

3.     Consult with a Medical Professional

A doctor can help control your emotions towards triggering sounds by using various techniques. Visit an experienced doctor to reduce your anxiety disorders. These disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder and post traumatic stress disorder can be underlying conditions for misophonia. CBT and Tinnitus Retraining Therapy are major misophonia treatments that your doctor might recommend.

4.     Reduce Stress

Some people develop misophonia because they suffer from stress and anxiety. If stress is causing triggering sounds, you should try mindfulness techniques to cope with it. Relaxing techniques such as yoga can also act as a treatment for misophonia.

5.     Get Support

You can find many online groups and forums where you can discuss your triggers and symptoms. Experts in these groups will share effective techniques to deal with this misophonia. But, make sure that you connect with productive and effective groups.

Hate the Sound of Chewing? Conclusion

If you hate the sound of chewing to the extent where it triggers your fight or flight response, you should contact the Misophonia Cognitive Center and consult with a professional. Stephen Geller Katz LCSW is a 30 year experienced specialist in sound disorders. Dr. Katz will evaluate your condition and prescribe effective treatment so you can better tolerate the noise of chewing.

Schedule an online session today

Misophonia Cognitive Center
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001

Misophonia & Sound Disorders

Do you find repetitive sounds such as pen clicking, feet tapping, and the clock ticking difficult to tolerate? If yes, then you may be suffering from misophonia. Another similar sound disorder is tinnitus, which causes ringing sensations in the ears. Let’s learn more about misophonia and sound disorders.

Misophonia & Sound Disorders

What is Misophonia and Sound Disorders?

Sniffing, chewing, and scratching are some sounds that trigger extreme emotions in people with misophonia. These sounds can be frustrating and annoying for anyone. That said, misophonia patients can’t control their emotions when they hear such sounds and tend to lash out. They have selective sound sensitivity syndrome, which makes these sounds unbearable for them.

Symptoms of Misophonia & Sound Disorders

You can easily identify a person with misophonia through various symptoms. Whenever they hear triggering sounds, they show a strong negative reaction to stop that sound. Their reaction might include different emotions, feelings, and physical sensations. Here are some symptoms of misophonia:

  • Sense of panic or anxiety, which is hard to control
  • Feeling of disgust, irritation, annoyance
  • Pressure or tightness in the chest or the body
  • Increased temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate
  • Feelings of aggression, rage, and anger
  • Development of fight and flight situation

Misophonia patients experience these symptoms when they are teens or around puberty. Once they develop the condition, it stays with them throughout their life. If you have misophonia, you will experience harsh responses to certain sounds. People with this condition struggle to control their reactions and reduce the intensity of their anger.

If you have a hard time dealing with the sound, you should consult a professional doctor. The doctor will identify your triggers and identify an effective treatment for your condition.

Common Triggers for Misophonia and Sound Disorders

Various people suffering from misophonia experience different triggers. The common trigger for this condition is chewing sound. Many statistics suggest that oral sounds are common triggers for misophonia. Here are some common triggers for misophonia:

  • Lip-smacking
  • Swallowing
  • Crunching or chomping
  • Throat clearing
  • Loud breathing
  • Slurping

Causes of Misophonia and Sound Disorders

According to various studies, misophonia can a symptom of an underlying condition. These conditions are:

Treatment Options for Misophonia & Sound Disorders

Misophonia doesn’t have a proper treatment procedure, but you can manage your symptoms. Here are some ways to manage misophonia and sound disorders:

1.     Tinnitus Retraining Therapy

Tinnitus retraining therapy helps with tinnitus and other sound disorders as well. With the help of this technique, you can reduce the intensity of triggering sounds.

2.     Counter Conditioning

In this treatment, the doctor will blend the weaker sound with your favorite song or sound. According to a 2015 case study, a woman suffering from misophonia uses this technique to reduce sound trigger response.

Misophonia & Sound Disorders | Best Treatment

3.     Coping Strategies

There are many coping devices and techniques you can use to reduce the effect of the triggers. Here are some techniques:

  • Listen to calming and relaxing music
  • Use noise-canceling headset
  • Listen to white noise
  • Politely talk with the person making the noise

4.     Counseling

You can consult a doctor to help you with misophonia. The doctor will identify the actual cause of the condition. Also, they will determine your triggers and recommend effective techniques. For instance, cognitive behavioral therapy to navigate physical sensations and emotions caused by irritating sounds.

Misophonia & Sound Disorders: Conclusion

Do you want to visit a doctor to help you with misophonia? If yes, then you should contact the Misophonia Cognitive Center in NYC. Our specialist Stephen Geller Katz has over 20 years of expeerience treating and curing people with sound disorders.

Misophonia Cognitive Center
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001

Tele-Video Sessions 
Speak 5 languages
International Patients Welcome

Treatment Options for Misophonia & Sound Disorders

What are the treatment options for misophonia and other sound disorders? Misophonia is a condition that creates emotional turmoil because of certain sounds. These triggering sounds lead to physiological responses such as fight or flight and disrupt patients’ quality of life. The actual causes of this condition are still unknown, but experts suggest that many underlying conditions can lead to misophonia. For instance, people with OCD experience symptoms of misophonia as well.

People with misophonia describe this condition as irritating. Also, many patients said that when they hear a certain sound, their heartbeat increases, breathing slows, and they experience the outburst of anger. They feel so intimidated by the sound that they can’t control their anger and rage. In this condition, they can unconsciously attack the person making the sound.

Symptoms of Misophonia and Sound Disorders

Like other sound disorders, misophonia ranges from mild to severe conditions. Many people report that they develop emotional and physiological responses to various sounds. Here are some symptoms of misophonia and other sound disorders:

  • Disgust
  • Urge to flee
  • Uncomfortable
  • Anxious

In severe conditions, a person with misophonia experiences:

  • Fear
  • Panic
  • Hatred
  • Rage
  • Emotional distress

Treatment Options for Misophonia and Sound Disorders

If you are looking for a treatment for misophonia and sound disorders, many may say that you cannot cure misophonia and the disease will remain with you forever. There are ways to manage this condition, and in some cases people have been cured. Your doctor will help you identify the right technique to reduce the symptoms of misophonia. Here are some options to manage symptoms:

1.     Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective therapy that navigates physical and emotional sensations that triggers irritating sounds. With the help of this therapy, you can identify your triggers and learn ways to ignore the triggering sound.

2.     Tinnitus Retraining Therapy

In this therapy, you have to wear a device in your ear that plays calming sounds. Tinnitus retraining therapy blends the irritating sounds with pleasant sounds so your brain accepts and tolerates the triggering sound. It is an effective way to reduce the ringing in the ear that you hear during tinnitus.

3.     Counter-conditioning

During counter-condition, the doctor will recommend an ear device that plays your favorite song. As a result, your brain won’t be able to concentrate on the triggering sound. There are various studies to prove that counter-conditions help reduces the symptoms of misophonia. A 2015 study suggests that a woman suffering from misophonia found this technique effective.

Treatment Options for Misophonia

4.     Coping Strategies

There are various scoping techniques you can practice to reduce the intensity of triggering sounds. Here are some options to try:

  • Politely explain the condition to the person making the sound and ask them to stop
  • Practice calming techniques such as yoga
  • Listen to white noise, calm sounds, and music
  • Use noise-canceling headphones

Experts recommend natural sounds such as the audio of rain to provide mental peace and relaxation. Also, it helps reduce the symptoms by deluding the mind.

5.     Counseling

Also, you can seek therapy with a trained health professional specializing in misophonia. As a result, you will find a space to communicate your challenges with an expert. When they understand the problems and triggers, you can learn strategies from them.

Treatment Options for Misophonia & Sound Disorders: Conclusion

Are you looking for a treatment option to eliminate your misophonia symptoms? If yes, then contact the Misophonia Cognitive Center, where you can consult with highly experienced expert Stephen Geller Katz. Dr. Katz will evaluate your triggers and responses and recommend an effective treatment method.

To schedule an appointment, call today:

Misophonia Cognitive Center
Stephen Geller Katz
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001

Tele-Video Sessions 
Speak 5 languages
International Patients Welcome

Selective Sound Sensitivity & Treatment

Selective sound sensitivity is a syndrome, where certain sounds trigger emotions and cause an extreme outbreak. This condition is quite common in the US and popularly known as misophonia. If the doctor says that you are suffering from misophonia, it means you have selective sound sensitivity syndrome.

Selective Sound Sensitivity & Treatment

People often struggle to control their emotions with Misophonia and violently lash out whenever they hear triggering sounds. The common symptom of this condition is aggression, anger, and irritation.

Selective Sound Sensitivity – Symptoms

Some of these reactions seen in misophonia are:

  • Annoyance
  • Avoidance
  • Anger
  • Physical and verbal aggression

Some experts suggest that the response of a person suffering from misophonia is a fight or flight response, while others consider it automatic. The fight or flight response or acute stress response is a natural response of your body to handle threatening conditions. You will also experience these symptoms:

  • Pupils dilation
  • Muscles tightness
  • Blood vessels constrict
  • Increase in a heartbeat and breathing
  • Increase in alertness and awareness

Selective Sound Sensitivity – Diagnosis

Specialist don’ have specific diagnostic guidelines to follow for Selective Sound Sensitivity. Even Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Editions doesn’t contain official diagnosis criteria.

Selective Sound Sensitivity & Treatment Specialist

According to the research, Misophonia resembles some psychiatric conditions such as intermittent explosive disorder, OCD, and specific phobias. However, the entire patterns and symptoms of this condition don’t resemble misophonia. Here are some diagnostic criteria of Selective Sound Sensitivity:

  • Considering certain sounds like anger, irritation, and disgust
  • Loss of control due to anger
  • Significant distress that disrupts normal activities
  • Tolerating triggering sounds with extreme discomfort, anger, and disgust
  • Other medical conditions or mental disorders don’t have the same feeling

Since professionals didn’t recommend any official diagnostic criteria, doctors can evaluate the treatment through their experience and skills. After diagnosis, they will use different techniques and therapies to reduce the symptoms.

Selective Sound Sensitivity – Treatment

Misophonia is a condition without established treatments by professionals. That is why you cannot receive complete treatment for this irritating condition. But, that doesn’t mean you cannot seek relief from misophonia. Several doctors use different treatments to reduce misophonia symptoms. Here are some of the treatments:

1.     Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Doctors use this treatment option to reduce negative thoughts like with a certain sound. In this treatment, the doctor identifies the triggering sounds to reduce your response to them. According to a Journal of Affective Disorders study, about 50% of misophonia patients found CBT effective. They were able to reduce their symptoms after taking therapies.

2.     Medications

You cannot find approved medications for misophonia treatment as there are few studies for this condition. But, doctors will prescribe medication to reduce related conditions, such as depression or anxiety.

3.     Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT)

In this treatment method, doctors recommend a sound device to divert your attention from triggering sounds. This approach will help you ignore the noises and minimize automatic stress response. TRT treatment is common for Tinnitus patients.

Selective Sound Sensitivity & Treatment: Conclusion

People with Selective Sound Sensitivity such as misophonia struggle to control their responses to certain sounds. But, various treatments can reduce their sound triggers. Some therapies use auditory distraction techniques to improve an individual’s response, others utilize a psychological approach.

If you think you have Selective Sound Sensitivity, then you should visit a reliable sound specialist, Stephen Geller Katz. He has more than 30 years of experience treating sound conditions such as Misophonia and tinnitus. 

Contact Dr. Katz to learn more about this condition and treatment options today:

Stephen Geller Katz
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001

Tele-Video Sessions 
Speak 5 languages
International Patients Welcome

Hate Certain Sounds – Can it Be Cured?

Do you hate or dislike certain sounds and lose control when you hear them? If yes, then you may be suffering from misophonia. Misophonia is a condition that creates emotional turmoil when a person hears a certain sound. Many people are unsure whether they can find a treatment for misophonia or not. In this post, we will find how you can cure this condition.

Hating Certain Sounds - Can it Be Cured?

Can You Cure Misophonia?

Since there are limited studies about this condition, experts are unable to identify a cure. That said, experts are not even sure about the actual causes of the condition. Thus, we need more research on the subject. Until now, we don’t have a proper treatment for the condition, but you can reduce the impact of the triggering noise.

Treatments such as cognitive-behavioral therapy can help people with misophonia. The treatment doesn’t cure the condition, but it improves your ability to tolerate the sounds and noises. Many people find therapy effective for reducing background noise. Here are some methods to reduce the intensity of the condition:

1.     Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT)

Although tinnitus retraining therapy helps mitigate ringing in the ear, people also use this treatment to cope with misophonia. It is a natural method to reduce the irritation caused by certain noise. With the help of this therapy, you can eliminate the challenges you face in your daily life due to misophonia.

2.     Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is similar to TRT, but there are still many differences in both strategies. In this therapy, the doctor will change your mind by connecting a positive sound with the negative thinking pattern. This means that whenever you listen to a triggering sound, you can reduce its effect by blending peaceful and soothing sounds.

A doctor might also recommend dialectical behavior therapy to manage the emotions. This technique includes various techniques for:

  • Interpersonal effectiveness
  • Mindfulness
  • Distress tolerance
  • Emotional regulation

Finally, progressive muscle relaxation can help you mitigate the negative effects of the therapy. The therapy will keep you relaxed and help you learn ways to tolerate irritating sounds.

Hating Certain Sounds Cure | World Specialist

3.     White Noise Devices

Many people with misophonia found white noise effective to reduce their reactions to the triggers. You can use ear-level devices or room-level devices to reduce the effect of certain sounds. A doctor can recommend you an effective device that can help you with misophonia. Also, you can play white noise on your mobile phone to blend the negative effect of the triggering sound.

4.     Medication

There isn’t any medication dedicated to the treatment of misophonia. However, a doctor can prescribe medication to manage symptoms. For instance, if you experience severe stress while listening to a certain sound, the doctor will recommend a stress-reliever.

5.     Other Therapies

Doctors suggest various therapies such as neuro-feedback, biofeedback, and hypnotherapy to reduce the effect of misophonia. If you want to find an effective therapy to cope with certain sounds, you should consult a professional doctor.

Hate Certain Sounds, Can it Be Cured? Conclusion

Are you suffering from misophonia and are in need of a specialist? If yes, then you should visit the Misophonia Cognitive Center. Stephen Geller Katz has over 20 years of experience treating patients suffering from misophonia. Dr. Katz has cured patients suffering from this condition.

Schedule an appointment to know more about this condition & treatment options.

Stephen Geller Katz
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001

Tele-Video Sessions 
Speak 5 languages
International Patients Welcome

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT for Misophonia

What is cognitive behavioral therapy for misophonia? According to a 2021 study published by Depression and Anxiety, Jager and colleagues conducted a controlled trial to evaluate the results of misophonia with cognitive behavioral therapy. Their findings were remarkable and surprising. Before understanding the results of the study, let’s understand what cognitive-behavioral therapy is.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT for Misophonia

What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for a wide range of psychological disorders. People with depression, marital problems, and anxiety found this treatment effective. Moreover, CBT is helpful for patients with drug dependency, severe mental issues, and eating disorders. Numerous studies suggest that CBT has remarkable effects to improve quality of life. The treatment improves the body’s functionality and reduces symptoms of mental illness. Studies also suggest that CBT is more effective than other psychological treatments and psychiatric medications.

After scientific evidence and research, experts claim that CBT is an effective treatment process that helps with many psychological problems. With the help of CBT, people suffering from mental diseases can cope with the symptoms and start a healthy life.

What is Misophonia?

Misophonia is a mental condition wherein a patient can’t tolerate a certain sound. These sounds include sniffing, heavy breathing, sighing, and slurping. When a person suffering from misophonia hears the triggering sound, they lose control and show their aggression. They find the sound so irritating that it triggers their fight and flight response.

Misophonia symptoms are different from person to person. Some find chewing sounds more irritating than slurping sounds. Meanwhile, other finds both these sounds normal find the pen clicking sound triggering. Usually, the triggering sound for misophonia is repetitive that the patient can’t just ignore them.

People with misophonia develop a severe emotional reaction to the sound. They find the sound discomforting, anxious, and stressed. That is why they show aggression to stop that sound. The actual reason for this disorder is unknown due to a lack of research. But, many experts predict that misophonia can be a symptom of other underlying conditions that triggers their behavioral responses.

The symptoms of misophonia are mental as well as physical. For instance, a person during the triggering condition experiences increased heartbeat, slowed breathing, and excessive sweating. This indicates that there is something related to mental and physical reactors in the body.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT for Misophonia USA UK EURO

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Misophonia

Now let’s return to the study and how it explains the importance of CBT for misophonia:


Experts recruited participants suffering from misophonia from the outpatient clinic. They diagnosed the patients with the condition and stated the diagnostic criteria. They used the same criteria that helped with proposing Schroder et al. The criteria include taking drugs while the psychiatrists consistently diagnosed the participants. They assess their level of depression, anxiety, and other bipolar diseases such as bipolar disorder, autism, and schizophrenia.

The program includes various activities such as stimulus manipulation, concentration exercises, and stimulus management. Furthermore, the team evaluates the arousal change, develops concentration, and learns a new technique to enjoy life to the fullest.

The study continued for about seven weeks, wherein they conducted psychomotor therapy and psychotherapy. After the study, the experts contacted the participants for a three-week follow-up session.

According to the primary outcomes, the patient started to reduce misophonia symptoms. Meanwhile, the secondary result focused on mental and physical conditions.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT for Misophonia: Conclusion

Are you suffering from misophonia and think that cognitive behavioral therapy may help? If yes, then you should consult with a specialist in this type of disorder. Stephen Geller Katz is one of the top specialists in the world treating patients to reduce the symptoms of misophonia.

For more information or an appointment, contact Dr. Katz today at 646-585-2251.

The Psychology of Misophonia

The psychology of misophonia triggers a broad range of negative reactions in affected people. The triggers for this condition can be anything from rare or specific sounds to normal every day sounds like chewing, clicking, sniffling, etc.

The Psychology of Misophonia

It is important to note that there aren’t proper diagnostic criteria for misophonia. Besides, most people are generally unaware of this condition. If you experience disturbances in your daily life due to minor sounds and noises that are normal to everyone else, you may have misophonia. Keep in mind that we are not talking about fork on the plate or chalks on the board; these sounds are cringe-worthy to everyone.

What Does Misophonia Mean?

The misophonic condition may appear as a minor issue with certain sounds, but it can be debilitating in reality. When an affected person hears certain sound triggers such as clicking or loud chewing, they feel a strong response stimulating in their mind. These sounds can trigger a variety of physiological or emotional responses such as annoyance, irritation, anger, panic, and the urgency to flee the scene. Although the reaction of misophonic people may appear unreasonable to others, the sounds quite possible make the affect people “go crazy.”

Frequently, loud chewing can set off a range of emotions, physiological responses, etc. There is a long list of visual and auditory triggers that lead to negative reactions in misophonic people. Some of them are as follows:

  • Keyboard tapping
  • Foot wiggling
  • Loud breathing
  • Clicking
  • Sniffing
  • Snoring

Visual stimuli reactions are similar to those that occur when a person encounters auditory triggers. Furthermore, repetitive motions are some of the main triggers in the misophonic condition. In reality, nearly all the misophonic sounds and triggers, whether auditory or visual, are repetitive in nature.

How a Misophonic Person May React to Trigger Sounds?

There are various ways a misophonic person may react. One important thing to know is that reactions can be mild to severe, and this is often the case irrespective of the repetitiveness of the auditory or visual triggers. You will find a range of physiological, emotional, and physical reactions from misophonia patients. Mild reactions can include anxiety, the need to flee, disgust, feeling uncomfortable, perspiration, etc.

On the other hand, severe responses can include fear, panic, emotional distress, anger, hatred, and rage. Such reactions can impact your social life, making you over-think the possibility of encountering such sounds and visual stimuli anywhere you go. In simpler words, when misophonia patients enter social gatherings or events, they carry anticipatory anxiety that makes them realize the potential of encountering the trigger sounds and noises. Overall, the affected person might also leave any family gathering, friend circles, and even interactions with the spouse, assuming the discomfort they may feel upon visual actions or auditory perceptions.

Viewing Misophonia from a Psychological Perspective

Misophonia is a highly auditory-based disorder. It involves brain areas that are responsible for processing emotional valence and sympathetic nervous system arousal. However, when experts realized and noticed this condition, they didn’t classify it as a psychiatric or psychological disorder. There were more classification issues once the mental health experts and scientists started exploring misophonia.

Nonetheless, the majority of the experts believe that misophonia may not be a psychological disorder. This has led to confusing debates over the symptoms of misophonia and its correlation with anxiety, manic depression, OCD, and other mental health disorders.

Some experts classify this condition as a neurophysiological disorder that relates to psychological consequences. In misophonia patients, there is a greater autonomic nervous system arousal. Following that, there is adverse emotional reactivity depending on the trigger sounds and their pattern.

What Roles Does a Psychologist Play in Treating Misophonia?

There aren’t many specialists that can help with Misophonia. A doctor may prescribe medications, perform therapies, and engage in discussions regarding symptoms such as depression, loneliness, anxiety, etc. Regardless of the lack of official diagnosis and treatment options, there are many ways a psychologist can help you if you have Misophonia.

Psychology of Misophonia | Best Treatment

Developing coping strategies is the main focus when a psychologist is working with a Misophonic person. Here’s what they will attempt to do together:

  • Comprehend the complexity of the disorder
  • Reduce the reactions’ duration and intensity
  • Improve the emotional distress and/or mental health symptoms that arise from Misophonia
  • Work on personal problems to prevent them from amplifying the mental health symptoms such as distress, anxiety, and others
  • Formulate a healthy lifestyle plan to cope with Misophonia will indulging in social interactions freely

The Psychology of Misophonia: Conclusion

Find the best treatment solutions for your misophonia condition at the Misophonia Cognitive Center with the help of Stephen Geller Katz LCSW-R. He offers a multi-disciplinary approach to treating and in some cases curing your misophonia symptoms. Keeping a log of when and how you experience misophonia triggers will help for better evaluation.

Call us at to set a convenient online video appointment to discuss your condition: 

Stephen Geller Katz LCSW-R

19 West 34th Street

Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001


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Sound Disorders Misophonia & Tinnitus

Sometimes certain sounds can negatively affect a person to an extreme degree. Often termed “sound disorders”, misophonia & tinnitus are the two most prominent and common of these types of sound related conditions. Even though these conditions are different, many people are unable to differentiate between them. Therefore, in this article, we will discuss the relation and differences between Tinnitus and Misophonia.

What is Tinnitus

Tinnitus is a sound disorder also known as ringing in the ear. People suffering from this condition consistently hear different noises without any external source. The sound can be constant, or it may fluctuate. There can be numerous reasons you hear this sound in your ear. It may be due to a bacterial infection or high blood pressure. But, in most conditions, people develop this condition due to loud noise exposure.

Sound Disorders Misophonia & Tinnitus

In this condition, people hear different types of noise such as whistling, buzzing, hammering, and ringing, which is the most common sound. When someone visits a concert or club with high levels of noise, they risk developing tinnitus. Therefore, it is important to wear safety earplugs when you are around loud noise. Because the effects of tinnitus are irreversible, you should take safety measures. You should better be safe than sorry.

Causes of Tinnitus

Tinnitus may develop suddenly or gradually depending on the cause. Experts are still unaware of the actual cause of the condition. But, some suggest that it occurs due to various reasons. Here are some causes related to tinnitus:

  • Accumulation of earwax
  • Infection in the middle ear
  • Damaged in the inner ear
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Otosclerosis
  • Age-related hearing loss

However, about one out of three Tinnitus patients don’t develop the condition due to any ear or hearing problem.

What is Misophonia

Misophonia is a psychological condition, but many people consider it to be hearing damage. Since there is limited research about this condition, fewer people are aware of it. Misophonia is different from tinnitus in the way that it is caused by an external source. Misophonia isn’t the result of damage to the ear. But the brain considers some sounds to be more triggering than others. Perhaps their brain associates some sounds with a traumatic event. Therefore, whenever they hear the sound, their brain responds aggressively. People with this condition consider certain sounds so annoying that they become angry and violent. Their brain creates emotional and fight-or-flight situations. The triggering sound in this condition includes swallowing, chewing, smacking, and sniffing. A study found that about 80% of the triggering sounds that a person with misophonia cannot stand are related to the mouth. They include chewing, popping gum, slurping, eating, and whispering. However, around 60% of sounds were repetitive. A person suffering from misophonia may also react negatively to visual triggers.

People may show different reactions ranging from downright aggression to annoyance. They might feel certain sounds so severe that it is hard to avoid. Their reaction has direct consequences on their happiness. Experts should conduct more research about this condition. Currently, this condition isn’t considered a psychiatric condition, and the mechanism is still unknown. But once researchers learn more about this condition, we will be able to treat this condition. But right now, people with misophonia can only cope with triggering sounds.

Sound Disorders Misophonia & Tinnitus Treatment

Coping Techniques for Misophonia and Tinnitus

Like Misophonia, there is no cure for tinnitus. But, experts use various masking techniques to reduce the effects and symptoms of the condition. When you visit a professional doctor for tinnitus, they will diagnose your condition to determine the underlying cause. However, with misophonia, the doctor will identify your triggering sounds. For instance, when the actual cause of your tinnitus is wax accumulation, the doctor will treat you by removing the wax. But when the doctor identifies the triggering sound for misophonia, they can use the masking technique to help you cope with the sound. Here are some methods a doctor will use to reduce the symptoms of tinnitus and misophonia:

1.     Sound Therapy

A sound specialist will try different soothing sounds to distract you from these conditions. The neutral sounds include the sound of water, birds, animals, and even ASMR. White noise is also helpful in both these conditions.

2.     Counseling

Counseling helps the patient understand the condition they are suffering from. These therapies intend to suggest a coping mechanism. When you know effective methods to cope with the condition, you can quickly recover.

3.     Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

This type of therapy changes the way you think about triggering sounds which will make the sounds less obvious and noticeable.

4.     Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT)

This therapy help retains how your brain responds to certain sounds. As a result, the triggering sound will be less obvious. This technique is also helpful for misophonia.

Sound Disorders Misophonia Tinnitus: Conclusion

The sound disorders misophonia & tinnitus burden day to day life. Do you live in NYC and want to consult with a specialist in treating and in some cases curing sound disorders? Give us a call and discuss your condition with our expert. At the Misophonia Cognitive Center, we help people with misophonia tackle symptoms and cope with their condition. Contact us tody and avail a free consultation with Stephen Geller Katz.

Stephen Geller Katz
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001

Sound Disorders Causes & Treatment

What are the main sound disorders causes & treatment? Misophonia or selective sound sensitivity syndrome is a sound-related condition that leads to aggression, anger, and irritation. People with misophonia cannot stand some types of sounds. When they hear a triggering sound, they lash out because they can’t handle their mind’s aversion to the sound. Triggers may vary from one person to another. For instance, many people find pen tapping triggering but chewing doesn’t bother them as much.

Let’s not forget that what triggers one person won’t necessarily trigger someone else. Reactions range from running away, annoyance and even rage. Misophonia is an under-researched and poorly understood condition. Before 2000, people referred to this condition as selective sound sensitivity syndrome. Then, experts selected the Greek word misophonia to name the condition. In 2011, various new channels aired stories about misophonia to increase awareness.

Sound Disorders Causes & Treatment

Causes of Sound Disorders (Misophonia)

Because there has been limited research on this topic, we know little about the exact causes. However, experts came up with the following factors as cause the emotional response.

1.     Brain Chemistry

Research indicates that people with misophonia have differing brain connectivity between the auditory cortex and the anterior insular cortex. The anterior insular cortex or AIC is a section of the brain that’s responsible for emotional processing.

2.     Other Mental Conditions

People with Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders develop misophonia.

3.     Tinnitus

Many people suffering from misophonia confirmed that they initially had tinnitus. With time, their tinnitus grew worse, and now, they lose their patience when they hear certain sounds.

4.     Genetics

Misophonia is a genetic condition that can run in the family. So, if a member of your family suffers from the condition, you are likely to develop it as well.

Many people create awareness about this condition through social media platforms. Nevertheless, research is lacking. As we have little data, we cannot pinpoint the actual reason for the condition

Some researchers suggest that misophonia is becoming a common condition. Hence, experts should understand the symptoms and mechanisms of this condition. Furthermore, professionals should come up with an effective treatment plan to reduce its effects.

Diagnosis of Sound Disorders (Misophonia)

When you visit a doctor to address the condition, they use a hearing test to identify the issue. An ordinary doctor can’t diagnose misophonia and similar conditions. Therefore, you need to visit an audiologist, who is a hearing specialist. To consult with an audiologist in NYC, contact Misophonia Cognitive Center.

The audiologist will instantly run advanced listening tests and identify the triggers by making different sounds and examining their responses. For instance, they might tap a pen or stump on the floor. An audiologist measures the reaction by attaching painless electrodes to the ears. This way, they can record the brain’s reaction to the sound.

Treatments for Sound Disorders (Misophonia)

Misophonia doesn’t offer any proper treatment, but you can choose different therapies to reduce the effects of this condition. Here are some therapies that you can opt for with this condition:

1.     Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

This type of therapy is helpful to remove associations and negative thoughts about certain triggering sounds. When you stop perceiving triggering sounds as negative, you can avoid an adverse reaction. A study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders suggests that about 50% of people living with misophonia faced a reduction in symptoms after taking CBT.

2.     Medications

There is no approved medication for misophonia. As a result, audiologists suggest medications for depression or anxiety to address these co-occurring conditions.

3.     Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT)

This preventive method involves wearing a device that diverts your focus from the triggering noises. The more you pay attention to the sound, the more of a negative response your brain will generate. Therefore, ignore the noises by learning and practicing these relaxation techniques. The therapy is perfect for minimizing automatic stress response. Traditionally, people used Tinnitus Retraining Therapy for Tinnitus. It significantly reduces the impact of triggering noise to your brain and improves your focus on the main goal.

Main Sound Disorders Causes & Treatment

Preventive Measures for Sound Disorders (Misophonia)

Other than treatments, you can adopt some coping strategies, lifestyle changes, and relaxation techniques to reduce misophonia symptoms. Here are some strategies you should try:

  • Earplugs can block triggering noises
  • You can use a white noise machine to avoid certain noises
  • When you feel overwhelmed, try wearing earphones
  • If you find a noise irritating, turn on music or television to eliminate those frequencies
  • Learn stress management techniques and practice when you listen to triggering noise
  • Adjust your environment to get rid of items that produce annoying sounds
  • Change your position and practice relaxation techniques such as visualization or deep breathing

Also, talk to others about your condition to see if they can help. That way, people won’t make that noise when you are around. For instance, if someone is whistling or chewing gum and you feel annoyed, talk to them about your negative response.

Sound Disorders Causes & Treatment: Conclusion

Get a free consultation from world renowned expert in sound disorders, Stephen Geller Katz LCSW-R, and make an appointment. Dr. Katz has successfully treated thousands of patients with these types of disorders from all over the world.

Call today to schedule a free consultation on phone or online video session:

Stephen Geller Katz LCSW-R
19 West 34th Street
Penthouse Floor
New York, NY 10001